Mizos

The inhabitants of Mizoram are known as Mizos. Mizos are an ethnic group mostly seen in their bright and colourful traditional clothes and speak their own mizo dialect. The fascinating feature of the Mizos is their ethical code; the “tiawmngaihna” which emphasizes each person to be kind, generous and hospitable to his peers irrespective of caste and creed. The Mizos are said to have migrated from Shinlung or Chhinlungsan located on the banks of the river Yalung in China.

There are a number of tribes among the Mizos; Pawis, Lushais, Raltes, Paithes, Hmars, Pangs and kukis. Mizos are devout Christians. The festivals like Chapchar Kut, Pawl Kut are celebrated with great enthusiasm where popular dances like Bamboo dance, Cheraw are performed. Traditional Mizo houses are decorated with animal skulls; made out of Bamboo and covered with thatch roof. Above the fireplace of every kitchen a bamboo frame is hung to keep cooking ingredients such as dried chillies, dry fish, salt, etc.

Weaving is a popular craft of the state and they are skilled in changing the simple raw materials in beautiful designs producing lovely fabric. Predominantly, loin-looms and fly shuttle loom are used for making fabrics.

Puan is one of the traditional attire worn by the women. It is usually about 45 inches to 48 inches in width and about 36 inches in length. Puans are famous for their lovely patterns, numerous designs and intricate embroidery which are worked along with the weave. The traditional designs are now incorporated in new styles.  Puan Puanchei is generally worn by Mizo girls during festivals. The shades in the attire are black and white.

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